Northern game reserves
In the north of Tanzania a group of parks including Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Manyara and Tarangire combine to form what is arguably the greatest safari area in Africa. More than any other, this area brings together the three very powerful elements of awesome volcanic landscape, prodigious gameviewing and superb tribal interaction with the local Maasai people.
This is by far the most popular Tanzania safari area, attracting about ten times more visitors than go to the other popular Southern Parks (Selous, Ruaha etc.). while there are specialists out there who advise against the Northern Parks on the basis that they are over-touristed, we strongly disagree ... this is a spectacular area and one where high quality safaris are still operating. Everyone should see these parks at least once. Some of us have been out on safari here literally dozens of times and still go back for more ... and we are hyper-sensitive to traffic issues!
The wildebeest and zebra migration of the greater Serengeti safari area is one of the best known wildlife events on the planet and clearly acts as a major inspiration for prospective visitors to the country.
Each year around the same time the great wildebeest migration begins in the Ngorongoro area of the southern Serengeti. It is a natural phenomenon determined by the availability of grazing. The calving season begins in January to March, a time when there is plenty of rain. The grass becomes available for the 750,000 zebra that precede 1.2 million wildebeest and the following hundreds of thousands of other plains game.
The western corridor is the section of the Serengeti that trails off towards Lake Victoria, and is home to the Grumeti and Mbalagati rivers. Of significant interest in this area is the crossing of the Grumeti, part of the annual migration where gigantic crocodiles await their yearly feast during June/July.
The Ngorongoro Highlands is a dramatic range of volcanic mountains that straddles the rift valley escarpment immediately to the south of the Serengeti. The main highlight is perhaps the most remarkable natural wonder in all Africa, the Ngorongoro Crater, where virtually the whole panoply of game can be seen year round.
The crater, which formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed on itself some two to three million years ago, is 610 m (2,000 ft) deep and its floor covers 260 km2 (100 sq mi).
Descending into the crater offers magical views across the entire Crater, from the forested sides to the grassland basin. The crater has the densest population of lions in Tanzania if not the world, and chances of seeing all of the "Big Five" within a single day are as good as they get.
Another nearby attraction is the Olduvai Gorge. It is considered to be the seat of humanity after the discovery of the earliest known specimens of the human genus, Homo habilis as well as early hominidae, such as Paranthropus boisei. Excavation work there was pioneered by Mary and Louis Leakey in the 1950s and is continued today by their family.
Zanzibar is a country known best for its rich African culture, warm hospitality, its lovely landscape and its attractions. Zanzibar has served as a major tourist destination in Africa for more than a century. It is otherwise known as the land of coastal fantasy. This is a country that is attracting lots of tourists from all around the world. It is one of the most amazing countries in Africa and offer some of the greatest beaches in this part of the world.
Go on spice tours, taste local dishes and walk the cobbled streets of the capital's old quarter Stone Town, now a World Heritage Site buzzing with colourful back-street markets and local flavours. And then of course there are the beaches. A holiday in Zanzibar is perfect for anyone who simply wants to enjoy a lazily luxurious beach vacation - Zanzibar and its outlying islands are home to some of the finest beaches in East Africa as well as a number of its best dive sites.
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous archipelago off the coast of Tanzania consisting of Zanzibar Island (locally, Unguja), Pemba Island and many smaller islands. Zanzibar island itself is approximately 90km long and 30km wide and is the most populous island in the nation.
In 1896, Zanzibar was the location of the world's shortest war, surrendering to Britain after 38 minutes of naval bombardment.