Leopard

Visas

Please see Getting there

Language

English is widely spoken but a few words of Swahili can be useful and will be appreciated greatly by locals.

Money

Major foreign currencies - particularly $US - and travellers cheques are accepted and are convertible at banks and bureaux de changes in the main towns and tourist areas. Credit cards are not widely accepted and carry poor exchange rates. Some banks in Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Moshi offer ATM facilities against international credit cards, but ATMs are not available elsewhere. Visitors may be expected to pay in foreign currency for game parks. Don't change money in the street.

Medical

Bring prescription medicines, spare glasses, contact lenses and solution as well as sunscreen, a first aid kit, cream for bites/stings and diarrhoea remedy. Drink only boiled or bottled water, bottled or canned drinks, avoid ice cubes and salads.

Malaria is endemic but is preventable: use insect repellent, cover up at sundown, sleep under a mosquito net and take anti-malaria prophylactics as advised by your doctor. Malaria is transmitted by some female Anopheles mosquitoes, which are active in the early evening and throughout the night. Malaria is not a serious problem if people are sensible and take basic precautions from being bitten by using mosquito repellents and wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants in the evenings. Safari camps and lodges are not located in any densely populated areas, and many are at high altitude. This greatly reduces the risk of becoming infected. Consult your physician, for recommended malaria prophylactics.

In the United States, the drug Lariam is the most commonly prescribed malarial prophylactic, but it has unfortunate side effects for some people. It should not be taken by anyone with a heart problem or high blood pressure. It should not be used during pregnancy or lactation and it should not be used by people with tendencies towards depression. On July 14, 2000 the FDA approved a new malarial prophylactic called MALARONE. Although it has to be taken daily, it is seems to have few side-affects.
HIV/Aids is widespread, especially in the main tourist areas.

Water

To keep from getting dehydrated, you will need to drink plenty of fluids. Bottled water is supplied daily in your room or tent and also in the vehicles for game-drives.

Food

The food on safari is delicious and ranges from simple to gourmet. You can expect lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and wonderful homemade soups. Chicken, lamb, beef or pork are usually served at lunch and dinner as well fish and vegetarian dishes. Breakfast is buffet with lots of tropical fruits, hot and cold cereals, bacon, sausages, mushrooms, breads and pastries and eggs to order. Lunch can be either buffet or served at the table and always starts with soup. Dinner is usually a 4 or 5 course sit-down affair, although there is no need to dress up. Often your safari guide will join you at meals as you recall your days events.

Vehicle

Vehicles are kept in excellent condition, fully equipped for the safari and regularly serviced. A pop up roof enables you to view the animals from a variety of different positions.

A few useful words in Swahili

Swahili is a derivative of the Bantu language and remains loyal to Bantu grammar, however its vocabulary has been influenced by Arabic (through culture and trade) and more recently by English (through technology). The word swahili comes from the Arabic word for coast, since the language developed along the East African coast where several distinctive dialects still remain. Swahili has been described as "One of the twelve great languages of the world" and is spoken by millions of people in Central and Eastern Africa. More details can be found at wikipedia.

Hello   Jambo
Good bye   Kwaheri
Please   Tafadhali
Thank you (very much)   Asante (sana)
Yes   Ndiyo
No   Hapana
How much/many?   Ngapi?
Okay   Sawa sawa
How are you?   Habari?
Very well   Mzuri sana
Food   Chakula
I'd like a cold beer   Tafadhali nataka bia [pombe] baridi

Security

Tanzania is a generally a safe country but don't invite trouble. Keep an eye on your belongings. Don't walk in the towns or cities at night - take a taxi. Don't carry cameras or large amounts of cash; beware of pickpockets. Use hotel safety deposit boxes to safeguard valuables and obtain a receipt. Leave valuable jewellery at home.

Climate

There are three main climatic areas in Tanzania: the coastal area and immediate hinterland, where conditions are tropical with temperatures averaging 26.6C (80F), rainfall varying from, 40 to 76 inches and high in humidity; the central plateau, which is hot and dry (rainfall 20 to 30 inches), although with considerable daily and seasonal temperature variations and the third region is the semi-temperate highland areas, where the climate is healthy and cool. There is seasonal variation in the Lake Victoria area. The eastern sections average only 30 to 40 inches of rain, while the western parts receive up to 90 inches. A small area north of Lake Malawi receive 100 inches of rain. There are two rainy seasons; from November to December and from April to mid-June.

Electrics

Electric Power is 230V running at 50Hz. You will find two types of plug, an older style plug with round pins view and the newer  rectangular blade plug view as found in the UK. Also, if outlets are not available in your permanent tented camp, the main building or bar area will have outlets so you can recharge your camera. You can also bring a cigarette lighter adapter to charge your camera while travelling in your vehicle.